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Monkeypox

A second monkeypox death has been reported in Spain

Eight deaths have now been reported in the outbreak, with five occurring in African countries where the virus is endemic.

Spain has confirmed its second death from monkeypox as the number of cases continues to rise worldwide – and just days after the WHO declared the outbreak a “global health emergency”.

The country’s health ministry confirmed the death toll on Saturday as the number of infections rose to 4,298, making it the world leader in cases outside the US. The regions of Madrid and Catalonia have the most cases with 1,656 and 1,406 respectively.

At least 120 monkeypox carriers have required hospitalization in Spain, El Mundo reported, representing 3.2 percent of cases, as one expert warned more deaths could be expected.

It comes after a “middle-aged” man from Alicante in the Valencia region became the first death in Europe on Friday.

He has not been identified, but health authorities said he died of encephalitis associated with the disease, a serious condition that causes swelling of the brain.

This was followed by the death of a 41-year-old man in Brazil. He had serious immune system complications and was hospitalized at the Eduardo de Menezes Hospital in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais at the time of his death on Thursday.

Eight deaths have now been reported in the outbreak, with five occurring in African countries where the virus is endemic.

Eight deaths have now been reported in the outbreak, with five occurring in African countries where the virus is endemic.

Monkeypox has affected more than 16,000 people in 75 countries, according to statistics from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Monkeypox has affected more than 16,000 people in 75 countries, according to statistics from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Eight deaths have now been reported in the outbreak, with five occurring in African countries where the virus is endemic.

Experts in Spain said the strain of the virus currently plaguing the country originated in Nigeria and is less deadly than those seen in other parts of the continent.

But Alfredo Corell, a professor of immunology at the University of Valladolid, warned: “We are facing the possibility of seeing more deaths.”

While the average age of patients in Spain is 37, the age of those infected ranges from 10 months to 88 years.

Several countries have now launched vaccination campaigns targeting men who have sex with men, who remain the most at-risk group.

Huge queues for personal stabbings were seen at Guy’s Hospital in central London on Saturday, similar to scenes witnessed last weekend.

It comes after sexual health services, particularly in the capital, have been forced to reduce or even suspend visits and other services as they struggle to cope with being on the frontline of the epidemic.

People queue for a monkeypox vaccination during a pop-up clinic at Guy's Hospital in central London on July 30, 2022

People queue for a monkeypox vaccination during a pop-up clinic at Guy’s Hospital in central London on July 30, 2022

Last week, the World Health Organization declared monkeypox a global health emergency, meaning it now considers the current epidemic a significant enough threat that a coordinated international response is needed.

WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus decided to issue the statement despite a lack of consensus among experts serving on the UN health agency’s emergency committee.

It was the first time the head of the UN health agency had taken such a step.

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“We have an outbreak that has spread rapidly around the world through new modes of transmission that we understand too little and that meet the criteria of international health regulations,” Tedros said.

“I know it has not been an easy or straightforward process and that there are differences of opinion among the committee members,” he added.

The WHO announcement came after the virus spread to more than 75 countries. CEO Dr. Tedros said at the time that the risk of people contracting the virus in Europe was “high”.

The WHO has previously declared emergencies due to public health crises such as the Covid-19 pandemic, the 2014 Ebola outbreak in West Africa, the 2016 Zika virus in Latin America and the ongoing polio eradication effort.

Although monkeypox had been established in parts of central and west Africa for decades, it was not known to have spread outside the continent or spread widely among humans until May, when authorities detected dozens of individual outbreaks in Europe, North America and elsewhere.

Traditionally, people with monkeypox developed fever, swollen lymph nodes, headaches and muscle aches.

Symptoms are followed by a rash that starts on their face or mouth and then spreads to other parts of the body – especially the hands and feet.

However, in some recent cases, patients first developed a rash in the mouth or around the genitals or anus.

Anyone can spread monkeypox, but the current outbreak outside of Africa is concentrated almost exclusively among men who have sex with men.

The virus is spread primarily through intimate skin-to-skin contact, usually with someone who has an active rash, as well as through contact with contaminated clothing or bedding. It is not as easily transmitted as the SARS-CoV-2 virus that caused the COVID-19 pandemic.

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“COVID spreads through the respiratory tract and is highly infectious. That doesn’t seem to be the case with Monkeypox,” said Dr. Martin Hirsch of Massachusetts General Hospital.

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